Bibles for students of literature

Many contemporary students do not know the bible particularly well. This can be because they come from non-religious families, or families whose religious background is not Judeo-Christian. But even many students from quite religious, Christian or Jewish backgrounds find their knowledge of the bible to be less good than they might wish for literary study. A student once gave me a great tip for those who feel you don’t know the bible well enough to recognise allusions to the major stories from the Old and New Testaments: buy a children’s bible. Read the rest of this entry »

Grammar Essentials 2: Parts of Speech (Word Classes) Exercise Answers

Here are possible answers to the exercises in Grammar Essentials 2: Parts of speech. In some cases more than one right answer might be possible. Read the rest of this entry »

The Old English Alphabet

Old English texts were copied in manuscripts by scribes. These scribes used an alphabet based on the Latin alphabet, but with some native additions and occasionally runes… Read the rest of this entry »

Basic Old English Grammar

Old English and Modern English can be deceptively similar from a syntactic point of view. In particular, word order frequently is the same in the two languages (though Old English is actually probably closer in some aspects of its word order to other Low German languages such as Dutch). This means that it is often possible to translate simple declarative sentences from Old English by simply looking up the meaning of each word in a dictionary… Read the rest of this entry »

The Pronunciation of Old English

The sounds of Old English should not prove difficult, with a few exceptions, for speakers of Modern English. It can be hard at first to get used to some of the spelling conventions, such as the fact that all letters—including final e—are pronounced; but on the whole Old English does not have many sounds that are not the same as in Modern English, and, in most cases, indicated by the same letters… Read the rest of this entry »

An Anglo-Saxon Timeline

This contains a link to an experiment in constructing a timeline of the Anglo-Saxon period using XML. It is very much a work in progress at the moment. The ultimate goal will be to have a synoptic oversight and index that will allow students to click on major events, persons, or cultural artefacts and then see how they fit in with other milestones. At the moment, the chart only includes Kings. And even then still in fairly rough fashion. Read the rest of this entry »

Transcription Guidelines

The following is a list of typographical conventions to use when transcribing medieval manuscripts in my classes. Read the rest of this entry »

How to Study Old English (or Latin or any other dead language) for a Test or an Exam

So how should you study in Old English class? Here are some tips I’ve compiled from personal experience and asking other scholars of my generation who have studied ancient or medieval languages (e.g. Latin, Greek, Old English, Old Frisian, etc.). Read the rest of this entry »

New Services & New Website

2014 has been a year of change here at G-Force. As we continue to grow we discover new and better ways to help our clients grow there business through the help of , We’ve recently been working on getting all these new processes and services down onto paper and tightly integrated into the business. The final step for this process is to announce them to you! If you are thinking about getting resell SEO services and gigs for Fiverr, you must stay away from a few of them as they can only harm your website in the long run hire this private label seo company has unique approach to local SEO drives leads & sales via Google, Google My Business & Directories, for example I used Legiit to find the best SEO Gigs on any marketplace.

To kick things off SEO Expert London has formalised our Website Supportseo services which were previously only offered to our existing customers, if you want to know more click here. These support services take the stress out of having a website for your business by getting us to take care of all the security and maintenance stuff for you! We’ve got different plans available to suit your budget, and needs and if you need something more specific are always open to discuss it, Here’s a few email marketing tools you might find useful.

An amazing new service we are now putting forward is our Mobile App Development service. Traditional mobile apps can easily cost upwards of $100,000. We’ve been working hard over the last year to adopt some brand new technology allowing us to offer your business native iOS & Android apps that can be edited from the same dashboard as your website. The best news of all? They start from as low as $10,000. Get twice the customer reach without the extra workload. You can also look for the best free domains by going to visit for cloud searching!

Lastly, you’ve probably noticed this blog looks a little different to normal. That’s right, our websites been updated with a fresh new 2014 look. Our team at website design SingaporeGoDaddy auctions love the new design and we’d love to hear your feedback on our new look and services below.

I also want to make another exciting announcement and that announcement is the up and coming Microsoft Azure. I am so excited to be working with Azure cloud services in the near future with our devoted team. And in case you haven’t heard of Azure just yet you should check it out! I’ll include a link below, just give it a click and find out why my team and I are excited to work with Azure!

Grimm’s Law and Verner’s Law Notes

This tutorial looks at Grimm’s Law and Verner’s Law. Read the rest of this entry »

Grammar Essentials 2: Parts of Speech (Word Classes)

Words are different from each other in meaning—car and unwelcome mean different things, after all. But they can also differ from each other in more than meaning: they can also differ in the way they are used in sentences. Read the rest of this entry »

Grammar Essentials 1: Inflections (Inflectional Morphology)

For the most part, English uses word order to indicate the relationship among words in sentences. When I say “The boy bit the dog”, people listening to me know that it was the boy who did the biting because The boy comes first in the sentence. Likewise, they know that it was the dog that was bitten because the dog comes after bit. Read the rest of this entry »

Grammar: A Guide to the Essentials

This tutorial is intended for high school, college, and University students who need a quick guide the essentials of English grammar. Its goal is to help you understand the core grammatical terminology used in textbooks and lectures in courses on foreign languages, the History of English, Old English, or other medieval and classical languages. Read the rest of this entry »

Old English Metre: A Brief Guide

Although the Anglo-Saxons left no accounts of their metrical organisation, statistical and linguistic analysis of the poetic corpus has allowed us to come up with a good idea as to how their verse worked. Read the rest of this entry »

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