Linux/Chrome on Chromebook using Crouton

There are many articles about this on the web. This is just a reminder to me as to what I’ve been doing.

Change boot to developer mode

Doing the following deletes all local data on your system. You can always reinstall the Operating System (Chrome seems to do that remotely). But your data is wiped after you do this.

  • Hold down the ESC + ↻ (refresh) key (the refresh key is where F3 would be on a normal keyboard)
  • While holding them down push the ⏽ (power) key (top right corner).
  • A recovery screen comes up that tells you that Chrome OS is missing or damaged (it isn’t).
  • Press CTL+d
  • Next you get a verification screen. Press ENTER to accept.
  • Chrome then installs the developer system.
  • From now on, you will need to press CTL+D (or wait) everytime you reboot using this method.

Download Crouton

Open a terminal

  • Start Chrome.
  • CTRL + ALT + T opens a terminal in a browser tab
  • at the crosh> prompt, type shell (and enter).

Install Crouton

The following installs to an encrypted partition a minimal version of the latest version of the Ubuntu LTS with the xfce and unity and the “Extension” utility that allows you to use a common clipboard between Chrome OS and Ubuntu.

  • sudo sh ~/Downloads/crouton -e -t xfce,unity,extension

Here are some help options

  • sudo sh ~/Downloads/crouton -r list // lists available version of Ubuntu
  • sudo sh ~/Downloads/crouton -t list //list available interfaces

Run Crouton

After you’ve installed the versions you want, you start your Linux session by

  • Opening a browser terminal tab (i.e. CTL+ALT+t)
  • Running to shell at the crosh> prompt
  • Starting Crouton with the interface you want sudo startunity or sudo startxfce4
  • To move between Chrome and Linux, use CTL+ALT+SHIFT+➔

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